27 Challenging ChatGPT Prompts for Data Scientists

Data science is an ever-evolving field, with new methodologies and techniques emerging regularly. Mastering various aspects of data science can be achieved through engaging and challenging ChatGPT prompts.

In this article, we’ll present 27 ChatGPT prompts to help you enhance your skills and knowledge in areas such as machine learning, data visualization, and code optimization. By working through these prompts, you’ll gain experience in using Python libraries like Pandas, Matplotlib, Seaborn, and scikit-learn, accelerating your pathway to mastering data science.

Machine Learning Models with ChatGPT

1. Develop a Logistic Regression Model: 

ChatGPT Prompts: Write Python code that builds a logistic regression model using scikit-learn to predict a binary outcome. Provide a dataset containing relevant predictor variables and a binary target variable.

Data Exploration and Visualization Techniques

2.Plot Relationships Between Variables:

ChatGPT Prompts: Explore relationships between different variables using scatterplots, box plots, or violin plots, depending on the dataset and the type of variables involved.

Code Optimization and Enhancements

3.Refactor Python Code:

ChatGPT Prompts: Provide a Python code snippet and ask to refactor it for increased clarity, modularity, or efficiency.

Writing and Translating Programming Languages

4.Convert R Code to Python:

ChatGPT Prompts: Provide R code that accomplishes a specific task, and ask for a Python implementation of the same task.

Here’s an R code snippet that calculates the mean and median of a numeric vector:

numeric_vector <- c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)

mean_value <- mean(numeric_vector)
median_value <- median(numeric_vector)

cat(“Mean of the numeric vector:”, mean_value, “\n”)
cat(“Median of the numeric vector:”, median_value, “\n”)

I’ll provide the Python implementation for the same task using the NumPy library.

import numpy as np

numeric_vector = np.array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7])

mean_value = np.mean(numeric_vector)
median_value = np.median(numeric_vector)

print(f”Mean of the numeric vector: {mean_value}”)
print(f”Median of the numeric vector: {median_value}”)

Both the R and Python code snippets calculate the mean and median of the provided numeric vector. The Python implementation uses the NumPy library, which is a popular library for numerical computing in Python.

Understanding and Decoding Code

5.Analyze the Purpose of SQL Code:

ChatGPT Prompts: Provide a SQL query, and ask for an explanation of what the query is meant to accomplish.

Debugging and Fixing Code

6. Fix Broken Python Code: 

ChatGPT Prompts: Share a non-functioning Python code snippet and ask for help in identifying errors and fixing them to accomplish a specific task.

Machine Learning Model Interpretation

7. Interpreting Decision Trees:

ChatGPT Prompts: Given a trained decision tree, ask for code that extracts top features or generates a visual interpretation of the tree.

Time Series Analysis

8. Time Series Forecasting with LSTM:

ChatGPT Prompts: Given a time series dataset, provide code for training a Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) model using TensorFlow/Keras to make future predictions.

Deep Learning and Neural Networks

9. Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) for Image Classification:

ChatGPT Prompts:  Given an image dataset, provide code that trains a CNN for image classification using TensorFlow/Keras.

Natural Language Processing

10. Text Summarization with GPT-3:

ChatGPT Prompts: Given a large text dataset, request code to create an abstractive summarization model using the GPT-3 API.

Recommender Systems Approach

11. Matrix Factorization for Collaborative Filtering:

ChatGPT Prompts: Given a user-item interaction matrix, write code to perform matrix factorization for collaborative filtering using the Python library scikit-surprise.

Data Wrangling Techniques

12. Text Data Preprocessing:

ChatGPT Prompts: Given a dataset containing text, request code to clean and preprocess the text data using common techniques like tokenization, stemming, and removing stop words.

Unsupervised Learning Techniques

13. K-means Clustering:

ChatGPT Prompts: Given a dataset, write Python code that performs k-means clustering and visualizes the clusters using Matplotlib or Seaborn.

14. Dimensionality Reduction using PCA:

ChatGPT Prompts: Provide Python code that applies principal component analysis (PCA) to a high-dimensional dataset to reduce its dimensions while preserving most of the variance.

Feature Engineering

15. Handling Missing Data:

ChatGPT Prompts: Given a dataset with missing values, provide code for handling missing data using techniques like imputation, interpolation, or deletion.

16. Feature Scaling and Normalization:

ChatGPT Prompts: Provide code that scales and normalizes features in a dataset using standardization or min-max scaling techniques.

Model Selection and Evaluation

17. Cross-Validation:

ChatGPT Prompts: Provide Python code that performs k-fold cross-validation on a given dataset for a specific machine learning algorithm.

In the following example, I’ll use the Logistic Regression model for binary classification and the Iris dataset as an example along with the scikit-learn library to perform 5-fold cross-validation.

Please install the necessary libraries if you haven’t yet, using this command:

pip install numpy pandas scikit-learn

Here’s the Python code:

from sklearn.datasets import load_iris
from sklearn.model_selection import cross_val_score
from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression

# Load the dataset
iris = load_iris()

# Prepare the data and target
X, y = iris.data, iris.target

# Define the model
model = LogisticRegression(max_iter=200)

# Perform cross-validation
scores = cross_val_score(model, X, y, cv=5)

# Print the accuracy for each fold:

# And the mean accuracy of all 5 folds:

In this code:

  1. We first import the necessary libraries.
  2. Load the Iris dataset.
  3. Define the logistic regression model.
  4. Perform cross-validation using cross_val_score(). The argument cv=5 specifies a 5-fold cross-validation.

Make sure to replace ‘LogisticRegression’ with the specific machine learning model you desire and handle any preprocessing steps necessary for your dataset. Also, the value of cv can be changed according to the number of folds you wish to have in the cross-validation process.

18. Model Evaluation Metrics:

ChatGPT Prompts: Discuss different evaluation metrics like precision, recall, F1-score, and ROC AUC, and how they apply to regression and classification models.

Model Optimization and Hyperparameter Tuning

19. Grid Search:

ChatGPT Prompts: Given a machine learning model, provide code that performs grid search for hyperparameter tuning using scikit-learn.

20. Random Search:

ChatGPT Prompts: Write Python code that carries out random search for hyperparameter optimization in a machine learning model.

Data Science Project Workflow

21. Discuss Best Practices for Data Science Project Lifecycle:

ChatGPT Prompts: How to manage data collection, data cleaning, feature engineering, model selection, evaluation, and deployment?

Database Management

22. NoSQL Databases:

ChatGPT Prompts: Discuss various NoSQL databases like MongoDB, Apache Cassandra, and Couchbase, and provide examples of when to use them.

Cloud-based Data Science Tools

23. Leveraging Cloud Services for Data Science:

ChatGPT Prompts: Discuss the benefits and drawbacks of using cloud-based data science platforms like Google Colab, Azure ML, and AWS SageMaker.

Tips and Tricks in Data Science

24. Optimizing Data Processing with Pandas:

ChatGPT Prompts: Share tips and techniques to efficiently handle large datasets with the Pandas library.

25. Interactive Data Visualization:

ChatGPT Prompts: Discuss Python libraries like Plotly and Bokeh that allow the creation of interactive data visualizations.

Web Scraping and Data Collection

26. Web Scraping using Python:

ChatGPT Prompts: Provide example code for web scraping using libraries like Beautiful Soup or Scrapy.

Version Control and Team Collaboration

27. Utilizing Git for Data Science Projects:

ChatGPT Prompts: Explain the use of Git for version control and collaboration in data science projects to manage code updates.


In conclusion, these 27 ChatGPT prompts offer a comprehensive path to improve your data science expertise by covering aspects like data visualization, machine learning, code optimization, and more. By leveraging ChatGPT’s assistance, data scientists can explore complex concepts, optimize models, and refine data-cleaning techniques, ultimately uncovering new insights and developing innovative solutions to data science challenges.

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